Florence is considered one of the most important cities of Tuscany and Italy for its artistic, architectural, historical and cultural heritage. Let’s find out the ten most important monuments of Florence.
One of the most important Italian museums in the world, home to priceless works of art from the twelfth to the eighteenth century with one of the largest collections of Renaissance art. Among visiting artists: Botticelli, Giotto, Piero della Francesca, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt, Mantegna, Correggio, Lippi, Martini, Titian and Parmigianino. The building was built by Vasari in the sixteenth century by the will of Francesco I thanks to the Medici family. Among the most famous works of the Uffizi remembers La Primavera and The Birth of Venus by Botticelli, Da Vinci’s The Annunciation, The Venus of Urbino by Titian, Caravaggio’s Bacchus, the Portrait of Leo X by Raphael and Michelangelo’s Tondo Dini .
Info and tickets: www.florence-tickets.com – www.uffizi.firenze.it
CATHEDRAL OF FLORENCE
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore was finished in 1436. It is the third-largest church in the world and its dome was designed by Brunelleschi. Inside it is the largest surface ever decorated with frescoes, 3600 square meters painted by Vasari and Zuccari. It combines different styles such as Gothic and Romanesque architecture with the Renaissance style. The exterior in polychrome marble is of modern vintage
Info and tickets www.ilgrandemuseodelduomo.it, ticket includes a visit to: Opera Museum of Santa Maria del Fiore, Brunelleschi Dome, Baptistery of San Giovanni, Giotto Bells Tower and Santa Reparata.
It is located in Piazza della Signoria and is the seat of the municipality, and from 1865 to 1871 the seat of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy. It was theater of the clash between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. In the rooms there are works by Michelangelo, Donatello, Verrocchio, sculptures such as Neptune by Ammannati, Hercules and Caco of Brandinelli, the Rape of the Sabine Women by Giambologna, Cellini Perseus. The building is flanked by the great tower, built in the fifteenth century, and formerly used as a prison. Inside it contains frescoed halls by important artists such as Vasari.
CHURCH OF SANTA CROCE
One of the largest churches officiated by the Franciscans and one of the highest representations of the Gothic style in Italy. It is known as the “Temple of Itale glories” for burials within it, including Foscolo, Michelangelo, Galileo, Alfieri, Leon Battista Alberti. Started in 1294 was used as a church in 1443. Inside you appreciate the Crucifix by Donatello, Giotto’s frescoes, the chapel by Michelozzo, the tombs of Desiderio da Settignano and Bernardo Rossellino, as well as the chapel and cloister designed by Brunelleschi.
Info and tickets: www.santacroceopera.it/it/Informazioni_Biglietti.aspx – Tel. +39 055 2466105
GARDENS OF BOBOLI
They are the famous gardens of the Grand Ducal Palace Pitti, among the most important examples of Italian garden, visited annually by 800,000 people.
Pitti Palace was the residence of the Medici, Lorraine and Savoy.
The gardens are a real open-air museum, full of sculptures and architectural and scenic beauty: obelisks, the famous Neptune fountain, the lemon, the lawn of the columns and the many statues of Roman emperors and gods.
The gardens are part of a museum circuit that includes the Costume Gallery, the Silver Museum, the Porcelain Museum and the Bardini Garden.
Info and tickets: www.polomuseale.firenze.it/musei/?m=boboli
It is the best place to enjoy the panoramic views of the city and the River Arno. Built in 1869 by architect Giuseppe Poggi, he was part of the great city renovations. Of nineteenth-century style, it was created with the purpose of celebrating the greatness of Michelangelo and his works. According to the project the Lodge was to house other works of Michelangelo. He never managed to become a museum, but it is famous for its beauty. You can walk to climbing the staircase of the Poggi ramps.
It symbolizes the bridge of Florence, dating back to Roman times and until 1218 was the only bridge across the Arno river. Covering it is observed part of the Vasari Corridor which connects the Palazzo Pitti to Palazzo Vecchio, through the Uffizi Gallery. In this way they crossed the two ends without having to take to the streets of Florence. In ancient Ponte Vecchio poured lots of shops of butchers, who in 1593 were replaced by goldsmith shops by the Medici.
Is the second museum in Italy after the Uffizi. It houses important works of art of the best artists of the Renaissance such as Michelangelo, Botticelli, Andrea del Sarto, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Orcagna, Pontormo and Allessando Allori. The newer section of the Museum of Musical Instruments is home to ancient instruments like the Stradivarius of Bartolomeo Cristofori.
Info and tickets: www.polomuseale.firenze.it/musei/?m=accademia
Basilica di Santa Maria Novella
Is located in the homonymous square and is another important Tuscan Gothic church. The exterior is the work of Lona Battista Alberti and Talents, the interior contains works such as Masaccio’s Trinity, the Crucifix by Giotto and Brunelleschi and that of the frescoes by Ghirlandaio. In ancient times it was an important meeting place for the mendicant order of the Dominicans.
Info and tickets: Tel. +39 055 21 92 57 – www.chiesasantamarianovella.it
Basilica di San Lorenzo
Still a major place of Catholic worship. The church stands in the square of San Lorenzo. It is one of the oldest churches in Florence, considered a minor basilica. This ancient Medici church contains the tombs of several members of Medici.Fu rebuilt by Filippo Brunelleschi family in 1419. Inside, two pulpits by Donatello bronze depicting scenes from the life of Christ, the Old Sacristy by Brunelleschi and the Laurentian Library, ci ‘architecture of Michelangelo. The church can be visited along with the complex of the Opera Laurentian.
Info: Tel. +39 055 214042 – www.operamedicealaurenziana.org